Safety is one of the most important aspects of any business. So, it’s very important that businesses have a safety program in place. A safety program should be the cornerstone of any business, and it needs to be implemented properly in order to be effective. In this article, we will look at the five core elements of successful safety programs.
It’s no secret that one of the most important aspects of an employer’s success is their commitment to workplace safety. After all, a safe and healthy workplace not only fosters productivity and morale, but it also prevents injuries and protects workers from costly lawsuits.
So, what do you think of when you hear the term “safety program”? Do you picture a standardized set of rules, policies, and procedures? While a safety program may include these core elements, it is much more than that.
A safety program is a blueprint for success. In addition to it being a strategic plan for ensuring the safety of your employees and business. It also helps your organization to achieve its mission, goals, and objectives.
A safety program can be complex, but any program, regardless of industry, will have to include the following elements in order to be successful.
- Pragmatic Safety Policies and Procedures
Effective safety programs are built on pragmatic safety policies and procedures. Pragmatic means practical, sensible, and realistic. All policies and procedures need to be designed to be clear, simple as possible and make sense to the people who must comply with them.
A safety policy is a document that specifies the rules and regulations that should be followed. It is a set of rules that help employees to recognize situations in which they are in danger and how to avoid them.
When you’re creating a safety policy, you’re creating a statement of your intent to control the safety of your business. It’s important to note that a policy is a statement of your intent to control risks and hazards.
Your safety policies and procedures should be based on the outcomes you want to achieve in your workplace and your employees should understand that these policies and procedures are there to help them do their jobs safely.
Keep them as brief as possible so that they are easy to read and refer to. Ensure that they are communicated to everyone in writing so that they are aware of what is expected of them.
2. Proper Training for Your Employees
Safety training is a core element of any successful safety program. However, you can’t just throw employees into a training session, give them a booklet, and call it a day. It’s not that simple. It’s important to make sure your training is hands on and purpose-designed based around your business needs, regulations, and in line with the policies and procedures above.
If your employees don’t understand the safety protocols and how they’re supposed to follow them, then it’s a disaster waiting on the wings. It is therefore important to give your employees the necessary training for their jobs – if you hire someone for a position that they’re not qualified for or assign a worker to a task they are not competent to handle; you could put your company at risk.
By training your employees, you are raising their awareness of potential hazards. In addition, you are increasing their knowledge of how to avoid the hazards, how to recognize symptoms of exposure to hazards, and how they can protect themselves and others from harm.
Additionally, you’ll want them to be trained on how to properly use equipment if any. By so doing, they’ll be able to use their equipment correctly, which will save you from having to pay for unnecessary repairs and replacements.
Training should be ongoing and cannot be restricted to a single training session when someone is hired. Employees should be trained on new processes as they are implemented, and refresher training should be provided on a regular basis. Ongoing training is critical in helping to prevent accidents.
3. Positive Safety Culture and Employee Involvement
A vital element of any successful safety program is the creation of a positive safety culture where employees are encouraged to speak up if they see something that isn’t safe. Another important element is employee involvement. To create a positive safety culture, management must involve employees in the creation of the safety program and give them a voice in how it is run.
Positive Safety Culture is the set of attitudes, beliefs, and actions that support a shared responsibility for safety throughout an organization. It is all about creating a positive environment where employees can feel comfortable reporting hazards and errors without fear of reprisal.
The three key elements of a positive safety culture are employee involvement, strong management commitment, and an efficient, effective safety management system. Without these three elements, a safety program cannot succeed.
When employees feel like their voice is being heard and that they have a certain amount of power to make change, they can be more comfortable with reporting and raising safety concerns.
Additionally, to buttress the point above: when employees are involved in the development of a safety program, they feel more interested in its success. They make it their own and become more invested in the successful adoption of the safety program.
4. Accident/Incident Prevention and Control
A safe workplace is the goal of every employer, and a major factor in achieving this goal is the implementation of effective incident prevention and control programs.
The key to preventing accidents, illnesses, and near-misses is to recognize the obvious and the hidden hazards and to design effective controls to eliminate or minimize them.
Incident prevention and control typically consist of the following components:
Hazard Identification is a key part of any safety program. It’s important to identify hazards that exist within an environment and how those hazards affect people’s safety. When hazards are identified, it’s possible to work on ways to mitigate the risk associated with them.
The Workplace Health and Safety Act makes it clear that risk assessment is an important part of a successful workplace safety program. Risk assessments are used to identify and evaluate the risk of a particular hazard, event or situation, and to assist employers to develop and implement measures to mitigate or eliminate those risks.
Provision of the Right Equipment and PPE
The best safety programs are supported by the right equipment and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). When you provide your employees with the right equipment, you will be ensuring their safety, as well as the safety of other people in the workplace. Safety equipment and PPE must be inspected regularly, and replaced when necessary. It is important to train employees on the equipment and PPE that you will be providing.
A safety inspection is a proactive approach to safety management that identifies and corrects potential hazards before they have a chance to cause an incident. Annual safety inspections are a great way to ensure that you are doing everything possible to maintain a safe working environment for your employees.
Ongoing Communication of Your Safety Program and Accident Prevention Goals
Safety programs are only as effective as the extent of their communication to the workforce. You should communicate your goals and safety program to all employees, contractors, and visitors. This will help them to understand your commitment to safety and to comply with safety procedures.
One way to do this is through a safety newsletter, which helps your employees stay up-to-date on the latest news relating to your safety program and the latest safety projects that you’re working on.
Ongoing communication is vital to the development and maintenance of a worker’s awareness and understanding of the workplace safety program and the importance of accident prevention to the company’s success.
Vigilance and Accountability
Safety programs should empower workers to both encourage vigilance and to hold each other accountable in the event of unsafe conditions.
The more vigilant and accountable people are, the more likely it is that they will be able to identify potential hazards and to take the necessary actions to ensure that no harm will come to themselves or anyone else.
The best way to encourage vigilance and accountability is to create a culture where information is shared freely and openly. This is best done through regularly scheduled safety meetings where you can discuss incidents, near misses, and corrective actions that have been taken.
5. Effective Incident Reporting, Investigation and Program Review
Incident reporting is the process of collecting information about an incident and how it happened.
By effectively investigating and reporting on all incidents, collecting sufficient and appropriate evidence, and identifying the root cause of the incident, workplace safety practitioners can improve the overall safety of the workplace.
An effective incident investigation should provide answers to all of the following questions: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? The best incident investigations include interviews with both individuals that were involved in the incident as well as those that were not.
In order to continually improve your workplace safety culture, and your performance, you need to create a culture of continuous review where you’re constantly looking at what you’re doing, what you want to accomplish, and how you’re doing against those goals.
Employers should consider developing a formal process for continuous review of the workplace safety program. The focus of the review should be on: (1) identifying potential and actual hazards; (2) evaluating the effectiveness of the program for controlling the hazards; and (3) determining if the program should be modified in any way to better control the hazards.
It is a dynamic process that requires the commitment and involvement of management, supervisors, employees, and other workplace representatives. Using this process, organizations can identify hazards, evaluate risks, and implement controls to prevent workplace injuries, illnesses, and fatalities.
WHS Management System is crucial to successful Safety Programs
Workplace safety violations cost Australia millions each year – when it comes to your workplace, being safe is the most important issue. The Australian Government Workplace Health and Safety Act 2011 requires every Australian business to have a safe working environment and a safe system of work in place.
Employers with a workplace health and safety management system are less likely to have an injury on their premises than employers without one.
A Workplace Health and Safety Management System is a systematic approach to managing the health and safety of workers and others who may be affected by the business of the organisation. It is a set of policies and processes that have been designed and implemented within an organisation to meet legislative requirements. AS a management system that focuses on identifying and controlling the risks that can cause injury or illness to workers.
WHS Management system helps businesses reduce costs and prevent injuries helping you become a safer workplace. Plus it goes beyond legislation to support your people and your company. Start working smarter, not harder.