Magento 2 is a powerful eCommerce platform that provides merchants with a lot of flexibility and control over their online stores. One important aspect of Magento 2 that often goes overlooked is the robots.txt file. This file allows you to control how search engine crawlers access and index your website’s content. In this article, we will show you how to configure the Magento 2 robots.txt file for your store properly.
Why is robots.txt significant?
The robots.txt file is a text file that tells web crawlers (such as Googlebot) which pages on your website they should index and which they should ignore. This is important because you may have some pages on your website that you do not want to be indexed by search engines.
For example, you may have a “thank you” page that is only accessible after a customer has made a purchase. If this page is indexed by a search engine, it could show up in search results and give potential customers the wrong idea about your store.
How to configure Magento 2 robots.txt file?
Configuring the Magento 2 robots.txt file is relatively simple. This step-by-step guide will show you everything you need to do.
Step 1: Log into the backend
The first thing you need to do is log in to the Magento 2 backend. Once you are logged in, go to Stores > Configuration. Under the General tab, expand the Design section and click on Search Engine Robots.
On this page, you will see two options:
- Set Product Categories to Noindex: This setting will add a noindex tag to product category pages. This is useful if you do not want search engines to index your category pages.
- Set Product Details to Noindex: This setting will add a noindex tag to product detail pages. This is useful if you do not want search engines to index your product pages.
Step 2: Edit the robots.txt file
The next step is to edit the robots.txt file. This file is located in the root directory of your Magento 2 installation. To edit the file, you will need to use a text editor such as Notepad++ or Sublime Text.
Once you have the file open, you need to add the following lines of code:
These lines of code will tell all search engine crawlers not to index any pages on your website. This is useful if you are still in the development stage and do not want your pages to be indexed.
Step 3: Save and upload the file
Once you have added the code, you need to save and upload the file to your server. If you are using FTP, you can simply upload the file to the root directory of your Magento 2 installation.
Now that you have properly configured the Magento 2 robots.txt file, your website will not be indexed by search engines. This is useful if you are still in the development stage and do not want your pages to be indexed. However, once your website is launched, you will need to remove the code from the robots.txt file so that your pages can be indexed and found by search engines.
Why are custom robot directions necessary?
As you might have noticed, the robot.txt file is a part of every website. Its purpose is to give orders to web robots, mainly search engine spiders, which crawl the Internet and index websites for further searches.
Websites are different, and that means that their needs are also different. That’s why sometimes it’s necessary to give custom orders to robots, so they would index the website according to its specific features.
In the Magento 2 store, there are three main types of custom directions that can be given:
- Product category pages
- Product detail pages
- Other pages
If you want to give a command to only one type of robot, you can do it this way:
This command will work only for Googlebot. All other types of robots will be ignored.
You can also give a command for all robots; you can use an asterisk instead of the specific robot name:
This command will work for all types of robots.
Finally, if you want to give a command to all robots except one, you can use an exclamation mark before the name of this robot:
This command will now work for all types of robots except Googlebot.
As you can see, there are many ways you can customize the indexing process according to the specific needs of your website. And Magento 2 robots.txt file is a powerful tool that can help you with that.
What if you still have issues?
If you are still having issues, we recommend reaching out to the Magento 2 community for help. There are a lot of knowledgeable people there who can help you with your issue.
Of course, magento support services are also available, so you’ll have a qualified professional to help you solve your issue.
You can also read the official Magento 2 documentation. This is a great resource that can help you with many different aspects of Magento 2.
What else is Magneto 2 useful for?
Magneto 2 is also useful for managing products, orders, customers, and much more.
It’s also possible to use Magneto 2 to create a mobile app for your store. This can be a great way to increase sales and conversions.
If you are looking for an eCommerce platform that is feature-rich and user-friendly, Magneto 2 is a great option.
As you can see, configuring the Magento 2 robots.txt file is relatively simple. This step-by-step guide has shown you everything you need to do. Once you have properly configured the file, your website will not be indexed by search engines. In case of issues, remember that you can always contact support or talk to the magneto community.
Rick Seidl is a digital marketing specialist with a bachelor’s degree in Digital Media and Communications, based in Portland, Oregon. With a burning passion for digital marketing, social media, small business development, and establishing its presence in a digital world, he is currently quenching his thirst through writing about digital marketing and business strategies for LondonTransportHub.