Driscolls Model

What is the Driscoll model of reflection?

Reflective models provide a framework for students and practitioners to review their performance, understand personal reactions, and find ways to improve performance levels. There are several models which guide us through the process, all require willingness and self-critical aspects.

However, Driscoll first developed the reflective model in 1994 to self-reflect on the specific events in their life and improve upon from thereupon. The model was based on the 1970s Borton theory, a self-practice based on questions- What? So what? Now what? These three questions might seem somewhat ambiguous, but when argued properly, can lead to productive results and clarity about self. 

Driscoll’s Model is designed for learners to commence their own learning journey using the three questions along with added guidance and what should be incorporated at each stage of the model. However, before answering this question, you need to analyze experiences and situations. The context is important to have a complete idea of what your life is. 


To complete the first step of your reflection, you need to answer the following questions. 

  •     What experience/situation/event are you reflecting on?
  •     What happened exactly?
  •     What did you do?
  •     Was someone else involved?
  •     Was it a good experience or a bad one or both?

So, what?

The second question allows the learner to accept and acknowledge their weakness and errors. However, the process does require forming the framework for the next stage of analysis. To complete the second step of the structured reflection, you need to ask the following questions.

  •     How did you feel in that specific moment?
  •     How did you react and why?
  •     Do you feel the same about the situation now as to did then?
  •     Do you experience a conflict with your personal values?
  •     Do you that situation has influenced how you react today?
  •     Do others involved in the situation react and feel the same way you do and did?

Now what?

The third question is what leads to improvement and inner knowledge. It will help decide the way you act or behave the next time you’re in a similar situation. By understanding and being aware of the issues, adjusting your reaction accordingly, and improving yourself to receive the desired outcome, ask the following questions.

  •     What impact did the event have on you afterward?
  •     What needs to take place to alter the outcome>
  •     What actions will you take another time?
  •     What do you need to improve in yourself to boost your performance the next time?

Which fields use Driscoll’s model?

Gibbs reflective models are used across a wide if range where the abilities of an individual impact their performance or complete tasks. The Driscoll model is one of the many models used, some others relying on the Gibbs Reflective model, so it can be applied in many situations. Driscoll model helps those where practice and experience will improve the performance of the practitioner. The reflective process accelerates the learning process and supplements the personal experience. It can be used in the nursing practice and other industrial genres that lead to personal development.

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Salman Ahmad
I am Salman Ahmad an Engineer by choice, Blogger, YouTuber, and an Entrepreneur by passion. I love technology in my day to day life and loves writing Tech Articles on Latest Technology, Cyber Security, Internet Security, SEO and Digital Marketing. Blogging is my passion and I own some popular sites https://barlecoq.com/, https://geeksaroundworld.com/, https://elitesmindset.com/, https://bluegraydaily.com/.